Nigeria has finally reached an agreement with the German government on the return of the Benin bronzes.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on museum cooperation was signed on Wednesday in Abuja between the Director General, National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMM), Professor Abba Isa Tijani, and the German Director General, Culture and Communication of the German Federal Foreign Office, Dr. Andreas Görgen, during the visit of a

German delegation to Abuja.

According to the statement signed by the German Embassy, both sides have affirmed that the process leading to returns of Benin bronzes will begin in the second quarter of 2022 with transfers of ownership. To this end, a framework agreement is to be concluded in December 2021.

Members of the delegation included Prof. Dr. Director of the Museum at the Rothenbaum, Professor Barbara Plankensteiner – Cultures and Arts of the World in Hamburg (MARKK) and spokesperson for the Benin Dialogue Group as well as the President of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Professor Hermann Parzinger.

The agreement reached by the parties followed the German delegation’s initial visit to Nigeria in May 2021, a visit by a Nigerian delegation to Berlin in July 2021 and the current visit by the German government to Abuja.

The MoU stipulated that the return of Benin bronzes from German museums will be embedded in a broad collaboration in the areas of archeology, museum facilities and museum cooperation.

Both sides also agreed that Benin bronzes will continue to be exhibited in German museums and that there will be cooperation on exhibition projects.

German Ambassador to Nigeria, Birgitt Ory, said: “I am delighted that the German delegation

achieved so much progress. This underlines again, our commitment to Nigerian – German cooperation in this field.

“We commend our Nigerian partners for their cooperation and are looking forward to the next steps.”

The head of the German delegation, Dr. Andreas Görgen, expressed delight that “after the previous meetings, we were able to create a reliable basis for the return of Benin bronzes and for further cooperation. I am sure that our joint engagement will put Nigerian – German cultural relations on a new foundation.”

The next meeting is scheduled for December 2021 in Germany.